中国地理科学 ›› 2016, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (2): 229-243.doi: 10.1007/s11769-016-0802-5

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Using Impervious Surfaces to Detect Urban Expansion in Beijing of China in 2000s

PENG Jian, LIU Yanxu, SHEN Hong, XIE Pan, HU Xiaoxu, WANG Yanglin   

  1. Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, Ministry of Education, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-08 修回日期:2015-08-05 出版日期:2016-02-27 发布日期:2016-02-25
  • 通讯作者: PENG Jian E-mail:jianpeng@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41130534)

Using Impervious Surfaces to Detect Urban Expansion in Beijing of China in 2000s

PENG Jian, LIU Yanxu, SHEN Hong, XIE Pan, HU Xiaoxu, WANG Yanglin   

  1. Laboratory for Earth Surface Processes, Ministry of Education, College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2015-05-08 Revised:2015-08-05 Online:2016-02-27 Published:2016-02-25
  • Contact: PENG Jian E-mail:jianpeng@urban.pku.edu.cn
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of Key Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 41130534)

摘要:

The change of impervious surface area (ISA) can effectively reveal the gradual process of urbanization and act as a key index for monitoring urban expansion. Experiencing rapid growth of the built environment in the 2000s, urban expansion of Beijing has not been fully characterized through ISA. In this study, Landsat TM images of Beijing in 2001 and 2009 were obtained, and the eight-year urban expansion process in Beijing was analyzed using the ISA extracted by means of the vegetation-imperious surface-soil (V-I-S) model. From the spatial variation in ISA, the ring structure of urban expansion in Beijing was significant during the study period, with decreasing urban density from the city center to the periphery. In the ring road analysis, the most dramatic changes of ISA were found between the fifth ring and the sixth ring. This area has experienced the most new residential development, and is currently the main source of urban expansion. The typical profile lines revealed the directional characteristics of urban expansion. The east-west profile was the most urbanized axes in Beijing, while ISA change in the east-north profile was more significant than in the other five profiles. Moreover, the transition matrix of ISA levels revealed an increase in urban density in the low density built areas; the Moran's I index showed a clear expansion of the central urban area, which spread contiguously; and the standard deviational ellipse indicated the northeast was the dominant direction of urban expansion. These findings can provide important spatial control guidelines in the next round of national economic and social development planning, overall urban and rural planning, and land use planning.

关键词: impervious surface area (ISA), vegetation-imperious surface-soil (V-I-S) model, profile line analysis, urban expansion direction, Beijing, China

Abstract:

The change of impervious surface area (ISA) can effectively reveal the gradual process of urbanization and act as a key index for monitoring urban expansion. Experiencing rapid growth of the built environment in the 2000s, urban expansion of Beijing has not been fully characterized through ISA. In this study, Landsat TM images of Beijing in 2001 and 2009 were obtained, and the eight-year urban expansion process in Beijing was analyzed using the ISA extracted by means of the vegetation-imperious surface-soil (V-I-S) model. From the spatial variation in ISA, the ring structure of urban expansion in Beijing was significant during the study period, with decreasing urban density from the city center to the periphery. In the ring road analysis, the most dramatic changes of ISA were found between the fifth ring and the sixth ring. This area has experienced the most new residential development, and is currently the main source of urban expansion. The typical profile lines revealed the directional characteristics of urban expansion. The east-west profile was the most urbanized axes in Beijing, while ISA change in the east-north profile was more significant than in the other five profiles. Moreover, the transition matrix of ISA levels revealed an increase in urban density in the low density built areas; the Moran's I index showed a clear expansion of the central urban area, which spread contiguously; and the standard deviational ellipse indicated the northeast was the dominant direction of urban expansion. These findings can provide important spatial control guidelines in the next round of national economic and social development planning, overall urban and rural planning, and land use planning.

Key words: impervious surface area (ISA), vegetation-imperious surface-soil (V-I-S) model, profile line analysis, urban expansion direction, Beijing, China