中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2010, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (3): 258-268.doi: 10.1007/s11769-010-0258-y

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Discussion on Sustainable Urbanization in Tibet

FAN Jie, WANG Hongyuan, CHEN Dong, ZHANG Wenzhong, WANG Chuansheng   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • 收稿日期:2009-12-03 修回日期:2010-03-02 出版日期:2010-04-01 发布日期:2010-04-23
  • 通讯作者: WANG Chuansheng.E-mail:Wangcs@igsnrr.ac.cn E-mail:Wangcs@igsnrr.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.40830741)

Discussion on Sustainable Urbanization in Tibet

FAN Jie, WANG Hongyuan, CHEN Dong, ZHANG Wenzhong, WANG Chuansheng   

  1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2009-12-03 Revised:2010-03-02 Online:2010-04-01 Published:2010-04-23
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of Key Program of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.40830741)

摘要:

After 1995, Tibet entered the stage of accelerated urbanization. The large floating population from outside Tibet has become the driving force for urban expansion and the rising of urbanization rate. After analyzing the changes of urban functions and spatial structure of urban system in Tibet, this paper argues that before 1995 the urbanization in Tibet was mainly driven by administrative function, resulting in certain population migration, whereas in the past decade economic function has become the key factor accelerating urban expansion with the market mechanism creating large-scale inflow of population. The floating population-based urbanization and high population growth in the agricultural and pastoral areas of Tibet has promoted the regional economic prosperity, but exerted resources and environmental pressure and brought some problems for Tibetan culture protection at the same time. The conflicts and contradictions between urbanization and the sustainability of natural resources, environment and social development have been intensified. Addressing these problems, this paper proposes some countermeasures for improving the sustainability of Tibetan urbanization.

关键词: urbanization, population, resources, environment, sustainability, Tibet

Abstract:

After 1995, Tibet entered the stage of accelerated urbanization. The large floating population from outside Tibet has become the driving force for urban expansion and the rising of urbanization rate. After analyzing the changes of urban functions and spatial structure of urban system in Tibet, this paper argues that before 1995 the urbanization in Tibet was mainly driven by administrative function, resulting in certain population migration, whereas in the past decade economic function has become the key factor accelerating urban expansion with the market mechanism creating large-scale inflow of population. The floating population-based urbanization and high population growth in the agricultural and pastoral areas of Tibet has promoted the regional economic prosperity, but exerted resources and environmental pressure and brought some problems for Tibetan culture protection at the same time. The conflicts and contradictions between urbanization and the sustainability of natural resources, environment and social development have been intensified. Addressing these problems, this paper proposes some countermeasures for improving the sustainability of Tibetan urbanization.

Key words: urbanization, population, resources, environment, sustainability, Tibet