中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2008, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (1): 93-100.doi: 10.1007/s11769-008-0093-6

• 论文 • 上一篇    

Advance in Application of Regional Climate Models in China

ZHANG Wei1,2, YAN Minhua1,2,3, CHEN Panqin4, XU Helan5   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, China;
    2. Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Laboratory of Research for Middle-high Latitude Circulation System and East Asian Monsoon, Changchun 130062, China;
    4. Bureau of Science and Technology for Resources and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China;
    5. Liaoning Technical University, Fuxin 123000, China
  • 收稿日期:2007-05-16 修回日期:2007-10-22 出版日期:2008-03-20 发布日期:2011-12-14
  • 通讯作者: YAN Minhua. E-mail: yanmh@neigae.ac.cn E-mail:yanmh@neigae.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40771190);Foundation of Research Start-upfor Winner of President Scholarship of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. C08B9);Foundation of Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. WELF-2004-B-001)

Advance in Application of Regional Climate Models in China

ZHANG Wei1,2, YAN Minhua1,2,3, CHEN Panqin4, XU Helan5   

  1. 1. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, China;
    2. Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    3. Laboratory of Research for Middle-high Latitude Circulation System and East Asian Monsoon, Changchun 130062, China;
    4. Bureau of Science and Technology for Resources and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100864, China;
    5. Liaoning Technical University, Fuxin 123000, China
  • Received:2007-05-16 Revised:2007-10-22 Online:2008-03-20 Published:2011-12-14
  • Supported by:

    Under the auspices of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 40771190);Foundation of Research Start-upfor Winner of President Scholarship of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. C08B9);Foundation of Key Laboratory of Wetland Ecology and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. WELF-2004-B-001)

摘要:

Regional climate models have become the powerful tools for simulating regional climate and its change process and have been widely used in China. Using regional climate models, some research results have been obtained on the following aspects: 1) the numerical simulation of East Asian monsoon climate, including exceptional monsoon precipitation, summer precipitation distribution, East Asian circulation, multi-year climate average condition, summer rain belt and so on; 2) the simulation of arid climate of the western China, including thermal effect of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the plateau precipitation in the Qilian Mountains; and the impacts of greenhouse effects (CO2 doubling) upon climate in the western China; and 3) the simulation of the climate effect of underlying surface changes, including the effect of soil on climate formation, the influence of terrain on precipitation, the effect of regional soil degradation on regional climate, the effect of various underlying surfaces on regional climate, the effect of land-sea contrast on the climate formulation, the influence of snow cover over the plateau regions on the regional climate, the effect of vegetation changes on the regional climate, etc. In the process of application of regional climate models, the preferences of the models are improved so that better simulation results are gotten. At last, some suggestions are made about the application of regional climate models in regional climate research in the future.

关键词: regional climate model, model application, research advance, China

Abstract:

Regional climate models have become the powerful tools for simulating regional climate and its change process and have been widely used in China. Using regional climate models, some research results have been obtained on the following aspects: 1) the numerical simulation of East Asian monsoon climate, including exceptional monsoon precipitation, summer precipitation distribution, East Asian circulation, multi-year climate average condition, summer rain belt and so on; 2) the simulation of arid climate of the western China, including thermal effect of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the plateau precipitation in the Qilian Mountains; and the impacts of greenhouse effects (CO2 doubling) upon climate in the western China; and 3) the simulation of the climate effect of underlying surface changes, including the effect of soil on climate formation, the influence of terrain on precipitation, the effect of regional soil degradation on regional climate, the effect of various underlying surfaces on regional climate, the effect of land-sea contrast on the climate formulation, the influence of snow cover over the plateau regions on the regional climate, the effect of vegetation changes on the regional climate, etc. In the process of application of regional climate models, the preferences of the models are improved so that better simulation results are gotten. At last, some suggestions are made about the application of regional climate models in regional climate research in the future.

Key words: regional climate model, model application, research advance, China