中国地理科学(英文版) ›› 2007, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (4): 304-310.doi: 10.1007/s11769-007-0304-6

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

Assessment of Sustainable Development System in Suihua City, China

ZHOU Jia1,2, XIAO Haifeng1, SHANG Jincheng3, ZHANG Xuelin2   

  1. 1. College of Life and Environment Sciences, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150025, China;
    2. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, China;
    3. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • 收稿日期:2006-09-18 修回日期:2007-10-18 出版日期:2007-12-20 发布日期:2011-12-14
  • 通讯作者: ZHOU Jia.E-mail:harbin_zhoujia@163.com E-mail:harbin_zhoujia@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    Under the auspices of Scientific Research Foundation of Heilongjiang Provincial Education Department (No.11511133) and Key Teacher Foundation of Harbin Normal University (No.KG2007-06)

Assessment of Sustainable Development System in Suihua City, China

ZHOU Jia1,2, XIAO Haifeng1, SHANG Jincheng3, ZHANG Xuelin2   

  1. 1. College of Life and Environment Sciences, Harbin Normal University, Harbin 150025, China;
    2. Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130012, China;
    3. College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
  • Received:2006-09-18 Revised:2007-10-18 Online:2007-12-20 Published:2011-12-14

摘要:

Sustainable development is a complex and systemic issue. It is essential to study it by the component analysis method from the view of system science. The urban developmental sustainability is one of focuses that people has paid more attention to, however, little common understanding how to measure and evaluate the sustainability has been gotten. In this paper, a framework is designed to evaluate the developmental sustainability of Suihua City, Heilongjiang Province in China from the aspects of economy, society, population, resources and environment. We adopt the Principal Components Analysis (PCA) to decrease dimensions and simplify the original indexes into 12 indexes. Also, the hierarchy and comprehensive multiple-criterion evaluative methods are employed to assess the sustainable development system in Suihua City. Then, the weights of indexes are attained by Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. Furthermore, urban comprehensive development level, developmental sustainability, coordinate degree are calculated and analyzed. By analyzing, we know the fluctuation of development level of subsystem, especially resources and environment subsystem, is acute. The comprehensive development level of sustainable development system in Suihua has been on the rise since 1999. That results from the effect of traditional economic development mode with high energy-consumed being decreased in the city after 1999. At the same time, it is obvious that there was an instability of development level in Suihua City during 1990–2002, with a turn in 1998, and the development could be sustainable, the status trend was more harmonious in 1999–2002.

关键词: sustainable development, comprehensive development level, developmental sustainability, coordinate degree, Suihua City

Abstract:

Sustainable development is a complex and systemic issue. It is essential to study it by the component analysis method from the view of system science. The urban developmental sustainability is one of focuses that people has paid more attention to, however, little common understanding how to measure and evaluate the sustainability has been gotten. In this paper, a framework is designed to evaluate the developmental sustainability of Suihua City, Heilongjiang Province in China from the aspects of economy, society, population, resources and environment. We adopt the Principal Components Analysis (PCA) to decrease dimensions and simplify the original indexes into 12 indexes. Also, the hierarchy and comprehensive multiple-criterion evaluative methods are employed to assess the sustainable development system in Suihua City. Then, the weights of indexes are attained by Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method. Furthermore, urban comprehensive development level, developmental sustainability, coordinate degree are calculated and analyzed. By analyzing, we know the fluctuation of development level of subsystem, especially resources and environment subsystem, is acute. The comprehensive development level of sustainable development system in Suihua has been on the rise since 1999. That results from the effect of traditional economic development mode with high energy-consumed being decreased in the city after 1999. At the same time, it is obvious that there was an instability of development level in Suihua City during 1990–2002, with a turn in 1998, and the development could be sustainable, the status trend was more harmonious in 1999–2002.

Key words: sustainable development, comprehensive development level, developmental sustainability, coordinate degree, Suihua City